Dear TeamCAD website visitors,

We are continuing about interesting topics about BIM project process and Digital Twins technology. As I have announced in the previous article “Storing And Availability Of Digital Twin Model Data - Are The Forge And The Cloud The Best Solutions?” today I will be addressing the following “Analysis and visualization of data in Digital Twins technology – Cloud and Autodesk Forge”.

In the “Storing And Availability Of Digital Twin Model Data - Are The Forge And The Cloud The Best Solutions?” article I have tried to give an explanation about the options to store data and make them always accessible to all of the BIM project process stakeholders. Just as a reminder – I have covered the subject of storing and availability of data during the BIM project process in a couple of previous articles: “Data Management In The Digital Twin Of The Building”“Advanced BIM data management”, etc.

I am of the opinion that I have rounded up the subject of data storing and availability during the BIM project process in my previous articles, so today I will be considering further processing od data in the Digital Twin model.

Podaci digitalnih blizanaca

No matter the source of generated data, during the BIM project process or coming from sensors or IoT, the question is how to analyze this data, how to visualize and make them available to all project stakeholders, at any given moment during all project phases, but also during the completed building project lifecycle. Therefore, in today`s article, I will be intensively focusing on BIM project process, Digital Twins technology, Cloud and Autodesk Forge platform, and project environments. To start, I will define the meaning of the mentioned terms:

  • BIM is a project process that relies on a data-rich 3D model, serving as a starting point for design in various engineering disciplines, as well as for multidisciplinary collaboration in all of the project phases. Also, we may say that BIM technology is the basis of every Digital Twin model and that in fact, BIM data-rich model is the starting point of transforming the BIM model into the Digital Twin model.
  • Digital Twins technology is the technology that is based on the digital replica of the physical data, processes, and systems and represents the digital simulation of the reality that can be used for various purposes.
  • Cloud technology is relying on the external set of servers that can be accessed via the internet. These can hold different model types, databases, software for data processing and analysis, etc. The key advantage of the Cloud technology compared to traditional internal servers is that the Cloud can handle an enormous amount of data while it is available to all stakeholders in the way it is set up in the data access protocol between the project participants. In the building and construction industry, Cloud solutions enable the usage continuity of the BIM technology and Digital Twins technology, from the conceptual design throughout the following project phases up to finished construction, and afterward during maintenance of the building during its complete lifecycle.
  • Autodesk Forge platform is based on the web service application that enables the integration of SaaS solutions (Fusion Team, BIM 360, etc.) in user workflow and/or implementation of any components used in these Autodesk user solutions for web applications or mobile phone and tablet apps.

Digitalni blizanci

After we have defined these technologies that will be the focus of today`s article, let us get back to data. In order to be sure that all of the readers will be completely confident with all of the processes associated with data, let us look at the data in the Digital Twin model from the Data Science perspective. If we take that there is no core difference between the data in the Data Science and data in the Digital Twins technology, processes connected to data can be roughly divided in this way:

  • Data collection
  • Data storage and availability.
  • Data analysis and visualization.
  • Decisions and actions based on the data analysis results.

Based on the fact that the detailed consideration of all the data connected processes would very hardly fit into one article, my intention in today`s article is to precisely consider process of data analysis and data visualization in the Digital Twins technology, while in the following articles I will write about other processes connected to data.

Analiza i vizuelizacija podataka

 

Data Analysis and Visualization

No matter where was the BIM or Digital Twin model data generated, whether during the BIM project process, by different sensor measurements or by using IoT, I believe that every reader of this article is aware that its analysis and visualization can be considered as the key tool which enables us to achieve considerable savings. It is equally possible to save during the BIM project process, but also in the scenario when we strive to optimize economic and ecological aspect of building exploitation.

But, Cloud and Autodesk Forge platforms do not give us the possibility of maximum optimization only in the industries in which we are used to presence of BIM and Digital Twins technology – like airplane industry, shipbuilding, construction, bio-mechanics, etc. Cloud based models using the Autodesk Forge platform enables us to, besides desktop applications, make the necessary analysis and visualization of data in the Cloud project environment, as well as on the Autodesk Forge platform.

When we want to analyze and visualize the data from the BIM or Digital Twins model, we can use many tools and access points, but in today`s article I will focus on the most efficient and mostly used data analysis and visualization methods with the potentially widest application in various areas and disciplines. In the following part of the article, I will address both desktop solutions, as well as Cloud solutions that give the possibility of efficient BIM or Digital Twins model data analysis and visualization. For the very end of this text, I will write about Autodesk Forge, as the platform where everything is possible.

Cloud rešenja

 

Mostly used tools for BIM and Digital Twin model analysis and visualization

Depending on the purpose for which the Digital Twin model was made, we can use different tools that help us to process data most efficiently in the Digital Twin model. Despite mentioned, we can roughly divide the Digital Twin model data processing methodology like so:

  • CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) is the calculation of the fluid dynamics and it represents part of the fluid mechanics that as the basis of the analysis considers numerical analysis and structured data to solve the problems connected to fluid behavior in a liquid or gaseous state. CFD analysis has wide application including force and force moments on various digital models, pipe pressure caused by matters in liquid and gaseous state present in the pipeline, explosion analysis, motion and flow of different particle types, temperature impact, weather condition simulations, the behavior of digital models in air tunnel, etc.

CFD

  • Dynamo is the digital tool that is used for parametric non-standard modeling, generating of additional and non-standard data for more efficient calculations in the area of BIM model, for processing, manipulation and easier visualization of generated data in the BIM model, and for managed data exchange between different disciplines in the multidisciplinary BIM project process. Dynamo is the programming language based on the principle of visual programming. The reason why it is popular as a tool for BIM and Digital Twin model data analysis and visualization is that it is integrated with the Autodesk Revit platform and that there are no additional charges. It is easy to learn and it does not require big programming experience. Huge advantage of including Dynamo as the BIM project process automatization is that, once written Dynamo script that processes data of a particular logical group of the BIM project process, can be used on an unlimited number of projects, gives great value and brings significant savings to the project stakeholders.
  • Python is the object-oriented programming language most frequently used for generating, transferring, analysis and visualization of the BIM and Digital Twins model data. Python equally efficiently helps as the Revit plugin (PyRevit) or as the part of Dynamo scripts integrated in the Dynamo “Node”. What characterizes Python is that it is the favorite tool also in the Data Science, system automation, API development, etc. Also, the first book, which was teaching programmers about the Python language was titled “Automate the boring stuff”. This fact maximally simplifies every further explanation what is Python used for in the domain of automated analysis and visualization of BIM data, in both BIM discipline models and a multidisciplinary BIM project environment.
  • Power BI is the digital tool that in the very simple manner does the analysis and visualization of data, not just in the domain of BIM and Digital Twins technologies, but also in Data Science wider contest. It has embedded tools that very efficiently systematize data from various sources and environments, then put them on their own platform, which was intended for analysis and visualization of data. Power BI enables us also to more efficiently address all the problems from the data angle and to make decisions in an easier and safer way, but also act upon them based on the data generated in the BIM or Digital Twins model. This platform is characterized by a very simple user interface and ease of learning and analysis and visualization of data.

Power BI

  • Machine learning is the digital tool defined as the sub-discipline of artificial intelligence. It is based on machine learning based on human experience an impersonation of human activities that repeat over time. To put it simply, machine learning is based on watching actions performed by humans while addressing the typical problems. After a certain number of repetitions, the program “overlooks humans” while learning and acquiring behavioral algorithms and takes over the execution of the same operation in the future.

Machine learning

The above mentioned tools are the most powerful tools for analysis and visualization of data generated during the BIM project process or by developing model of the Digital Twin. Of course, there are many other digital tools that are very useful for successful analysis and visualization of data, but, the goal of this article is not representation of all the possible tools for successful implementation of BIM project process automation, it is to give you the idea in what direction you should consider when trying to find the best digital tools for analysis and visualization of data generated during BIM project process or during development of the Digital Twin model.

 

The best and the most compact tools for data analysis and visualization in the Cloud solutions

When talking about the best and brightest, the most compact Cloud tools for analysis and visualization of data, generated during the BIM project process or development of the Digital Twins model, we cannot go around the following Cloud solutions:

  • BIM 360 is the Cloud solution that can be considered the best option at this moment for the BIM project environment. Key advantage of the BIM 360 Cloud project environment is that it provides the same project user experience to all of the stakeholders in the BIM project process during all of the phases, during the construction of the building object, and finally during the whole lifecycle of the completed building during its exploitation. Huge advantage while working in BIM 360 project interface is that it enables handover of the BIM models during all phases of the project, which gives the investor huge savings and consistency of the data throughout the project lifecycle. Different modules give insight in the various types of data at any given moment of the BIM project process, where data is represented in the very simple, understandable manner. With additional analysis and visualization of the data it is possible to make conclusions and decisions and visualize them in the BIM 360 project environment, while making everything available to all of the stakeholders.

BIM 360

  • Fusion 360 is the Cloud project environment very similar to the BIM 360, but as the BIM 360 is intended for the BIM workflow, Fusion 360 is intended for development and design of the various products. It also, very efficiently, supports iterations during the design and virtual testing of the object, product or assembly. We can say that Fusion 360 is the most complete Cloud project solution during all phases of the development of products, assemblies, industrial solutions, etc.

Autodesk Fusion 360

  • Configurator 360 is the Cloud solution that gives the possibility of development of any type of product based on client`s needs. Product that the potential buyers can order in the Cloud environment Configurator 360 is based on component parts and basically the potential buyer configures the product it wants to order, choosing between the offered parts that the seller offers on the Configurator 360 Cloud platform. This Cloud solution has a huge application in the furniture industry, parts and components of complicated systems and in many other industries.

Configurator 360

 

His majesty – Autodesk Forge

If you have carefully read the description and possibilities of the above mentioned Cloud solutions I hope that you have noticed that all three Cloud options are connected by one thing. Namely, all three Cloud project solutions are characterized by a mutual project environment for all of the stakeholders, transparency of the generated data, compatibility of different formats integrated on one platform, access to data generated during all project phases for all participants, possibility of analysis and visualization of data in the common project environment, etc. Does it seem to you that all three before mentioned Cloud solution are based on the same platform? If your answer is “YES!” you have guessed it right.

Namely, BIM 360, Fusion 360 and Configurator 360 are all based on the Autodesk Forge technology and practically represent different variations of Autodesk Forge intended for different demands when considering project environment and data type that are processed during the project lifecycle.

But, despite the similarities with BIM 360, Fusion 360 and Configurator 360, Autodesk Forge platform gives the possibility of making web models, where all the functionality of the BIM or Digital Twin model, on all levels, including the analysis and visualization level, remains available to all users, despite the fact that it changes the format when transforming from BIM or Digital Twin model to Autodesk Forge model. In this way, Autodesk Forge gives the top level management an option to see all of the advantages of the BIM and Digital Twins technologies, without additional learning in an easy and simple way. Web model generated on the Autodesk Forge platform, in this way, really enables all project process stakeholders, to check any segment of the model, piece of data or current state of the project, via web model, using a desktop computer, tablet or smartphone.

Autodesk Forge

We can safely conclude, thanks to the Autodesk Forge platform it is possible to realize full cooperation and collaboration on all levels, between all stakeholders in the project process, in a very simple intuitive way, without huge effort to learn BIM or Digital Twins technologies.

Here I will finish this article “Analysis and visualization of data in Digital Twins technology – Cloud and Autodesk Forge” and my opinion about the currently available solutions for analysis and visualization in the Digital Twins technology. I would like to announce my next article “Decisions and actions based on results of Digital Twins data analysis”.

If you have any questions, comments or want to know more details about the topic I covered in this and previous articles please contact TeamCAD, which will be pleased to provide you with additional information.

Also, if you need advice on how to best apply digital twin technology or you want to apply digital twin technology to your project or constructed facility, please contact TeamCAD, who will be happy to help you.

 

Until the next time,

Predrag Jovanović

 

::

Previous articles on the similar topic:

“Storing And Availability Of Digital Twin Model Data - Are The Forge And The Cloud The Best Solutions?”

„Sensors and IoT in The Digital Twin Technology"

"Data Is The New Gold, Does The Same Apply To Data In Digital Twins?"

"The Big Savings BEP Brings To The Investor "

"The BIM Modelling Convention"

"What Is LOD - The Level Of Detail Of BIM Elements?"

"What Is BEP And What Should It Contain?"

"Data Management In The Digital Twin Of The Building" 

"Digital Twins In The Construction Industry" 

"What Are The Digital Twins?"

"Small But Big Savings in The BIM Workflow - Examples" 

"BIM Workflow Automation"

"Advanced BIM data management"

 

 



Dear TeamCAD website visitors,

We continue to cover interesting topics related to the BIM project process and digital twins. As I announced in my previous article, „Sensors and IoT in The Digital Twin Technology",  I am going to cover the topic “Storing And Availability Of Digital Twin Model Data - Are The Forge And The Cloud The Best Solutions?” in this article.

In the previous article „Sensors and IoT in The Digital Twin Technology", I dealt with the topic of collecting data using sensors and IoT (Internet of Things). I have dealt with the topic of data generation during the BIM project process in many previous articles, for example, "Advanced BIM Data Management""BIM Workflow Automation""Data Management Of The Digital Twin Of The Building", itd. I think that with the previously mentioned articles I have rounded off the topic of data collection so that in today's article we can consider further data processing in the digital twin model.

Smeštanje i dostupnost podataka modela digitalnih blizanaca

Regardless of the way the data is generated, whether during the BIM project process or using sensors and IoT, the question arises how to store this data and make it available to all interested project participants at any time during all phases of the project, but also during life cycle of the constructed building. Therefore, in today's article, I am very intensively going to discuss the BIM project process, digital twin technology, cloud and the Autodesk Forge platform, so I am going to define these terms at the very beginning of the article.

  • BIM is a project process that relies on 3D data-rich model, which serves as a starting point for design within disciplines, as well as for multidisciplinary cooperation in all contracted phases of the project. Also, it can be said that BIM technology is the starting point of every digital twin model and that it is actually BIM (that is a 3D data-rich model) the basis for the transformation of the BIM model into a digital twin model.
  • Digital twin technology is a technology that relies on a digital replica of physical data, processes, systems and digital reality simulation, which can be used for various purposes.
  • Cloud is a technology that relies on external servers that are accessed via the Internet, which can contain various model formats, databases, software solutions for data processing and analysis, etc. The key advantage of cloud technology over the traditional approach of storing data on internal servers is that an enormous amount of data can be stored in the cloud and that the data in the cloud is available to all project participants in the way it is agreed and regulated by a protocol on data access between different participants in the project. In the construction industry, cloud solutions enable the continuity of application of the BIM technology and the digital twin technology from the conceptual solution and all subsequent phases of the project until construction, and then during the maintenance of the constructed building throughout its life cycle.
  • Autodesk Forge is a web service application-based platform, which enables the integration of SaaS solutions (Fusion Team, BIM 360, etc.) into the user's workflow and / or the installation of some of the components used in these Autodesk user solutions for web or tablet and smart phones.

Having defined the technologies that we are going to consider the most in today's article, let's return to the data. To make sure that every reader of the article is going to be completely clear about all the processes related to data, let's look at the data in the digital twin model from the perspective of data science. If we start from the point of view that there is no essential difference between data in data science and data in digital twin technology, data-related processes can be roughly divided into:

  • data collection;
  • data storage and availability;
  • data analysis;
  • data visualization;
  • decisions and actions based on the data analysis results.

Given the fact that a detailed consideration of all data-related processes would be very difficult to fit into one article, my intention in today's article is to consider in detail the process of storage, availability and analysis of data in digital twin technology, while in future articles I am going to consider other processes related to data.

Data Storage And Availability

Storing data, at first glance, seems like a very simple process. Anyone familiar with the BIM project process will immediately think that storing data is assigning values and data to certain parameters in the BIM model.

However, the problem of data storage and availability becomes much more complex if we look at the BIM project process and the transformation of the BIM model into a digital twin model from different perspectives of the participants in the project process. As we know, when we talk about the BIM project process, we usually have the case that the participants in the project process are the designers of the discipline, the contractor, the investor and the legal entity engaged in the maintenance of the constructed building. Their view of the BIM project process, as well as the transformation of the BIM model into a digital twin model, and the availability of data and information in the digital twin model are very different. Therefore, I think it would be good to consider each of the mentioned views below:

  • Data Storage And Availability From The Designer’s Perspective
  • Data Storage And Availability From The Contractor’s Perspective
  • Data Storage And Availability From The Investor’s Perspective
  • Data Storage And Availability From The Facility Manager’s Perspective
  • How does the cloud solution help with data storage and availability?
  • How does the Autodesk Forge platform help with data storage and availability?

Data Storage And Availability From The Designer’s Perspective

In digital twin technology, similar to the BIM workflow, data can be viewed in two ways. When we consider data in the BIM model or in the digital twin model, it can be intended for different calculations within the project of a certain discipline, then for different simulations and predictions of how certain digital objects will behave in the real world, etc. But we must not lose sight of the fact that the BIM model or the digital twin model must also be intended for exchange with other disciplines in the project. So how do you best place them in the BIM model or in the digital twin model and make them available to all participants in the project process?

The current traditional approach of exchanging BIM models or digital twin models, which involves their exchange between different designers of disciplines in a certain time interval, defined by BEP (BIM Execution Plan), in a way enables an orderly exchange of information and data between the participants in the project. However, a major problem in such an approach to the project process is that changes made by a particular discipline in its BIM model or digital twin model are not available to all project participants at the time they are made. This further implies that it is possible for an architect, for example, to make certain changes in his BIM model, to even inform other participants in the project, but that these changes may be visible in the BIM model or digital twin model only in a few days, when all participants in the project process exchange their models and data in them. I have found myself countless times in a situation where my project team was informed that certain changes would occur in the BIM model or the digital twin model, which created big problems for us in terms of disrupting the design dynamics of the discipline I was part of and questions whether to continue designing until an updated BIM model or digital twin model arrives.

When we talk about the problem of storage and availability of data in BIM models of all participants in the BIM project process, cloud technology seems to be the best solution. Such an approach allows all discipline designers to see changes in discipline models at agreed intervals in a quite simple way. When we talk about cloud technology, it is possible to work in a live model, where all changes in the models of disciplines can be seen by simply updating the linked models. This makes the project process much more dynamic and intensive in the early stages of the project, but such an approach has the key advantage in providing all project participants with much better project solutions in the early stages of the project and results in a much more optimal project solution at the end of the project life cycle.

 

Data Storage And Availability From The Contractor’s Perspective

In considering the placement and availability of data from the contractor’s perspective, things seem simpler than is the case with the storage and availability of data during the project process. The traditional approach meant that the contractor took the graphic documentation from the designer and then created his brand new BIM model or a digital twin model tailored to his needs. From the point of view of the continuity of the project process, the moment when the contractor entered the project usually meant the interruption of the previously mentioned continuity of the project process. Practically, all data generated during the earlier project phases, from the conceptual solution to the tender phase of the project, lose their value and the contractor completely ignores the generated model and start to make his completely new BIM model for construction. The problem with this approach is that the investor, who paid the designer to create the BIM model of the tender project phase, now pays the contractor, who re-creates the BIM model for his needs. The investor can prevent this problem if the BEP defines the criteria of the BIM model tender project phase, which would be of sufficient quality and meet the needs of the contractor to the extent that the contractor will not make a completely new BIM model for his needs.

When we consider the contractor's interest in using cloud technology, I think that such an approach is far more efficient for both the contractor and the investor, since we must keep in mind that the most common case is that we usually have contractors and many subcontractors in the construction. Thus, the conclusion is that during the construction of the building, ie. during the construction phase of the project, there are identical reasons as in the previous part of the article, which recommend cloud technology as the best solution for cooperation between different participants in the project process from the conceptual solution and all following phases of the project until construction, and then during maintenance, throughout its entire life cycle.

 

Data Storage And Availability From The Investor’s Perspective

On the storing and availability of data from the investor's perspective, I don't think I'm wrong to say the following - if I were an investor or his representative, I would insist that all project phases - from the conceptual design and all following phases of the project to construction and maintenance of the constructed building during its entire life cycle, they work in the cloud. Why?

So if you go back to the very beginning of the article and read the definition and possibilities of the cloud solution, it will be clear to you why I made such a claim. The cloud solution provides to the investor insight into the entire project documentation at any time of the entire project life cycle. During the various phases of the project before the construction of the building, the investor has an insight into the complete project process and can see all the problems that occur during the design. When we talk about construction, if the investor has regulated in a good way with BEP the transition from the tender phase of the project to the construction phase, there will be no need to create a completely new BIM model or digital twin model for the contractor. Finally, after the building is built, the facility manager can take over the BIM model or the digital twin model by the contractor at the end of the design phase of the completed building. This will again relieve the investor in financial and organizational terms and enable him to continue to supervise all phases of the project life cycle and the life cycle of the constructed building. Practically, complete documentation during any phase of the project process, then during the construction of the facility and finally during the maintenance of the full functionality of the facility using digital twin technology and cloud solutions make the investor sure to hold all the ends of the project life cycle.

Data Storage And Availability From The Facility Manager’s Perspective

When considering the storage and availability of data from the perspective of a facility manager, we must take into account that it appears at the very end of the project process and that its tasks are significantly different from other participants in the project process. In addition to the necessary repairs to maintain the full functionality of the building and care for the full comfort of building users, modern technologies allow the facility manager to document every change in the building in a digital twin model, but also to store all documentation related to certain activities during the maintenance of the facility. Also, modern technologies allow the facility manager to be more active in proposing different solutions to the user of the building using digital twin technology. The question arises - where to store all the documentation for the facility maintenance, the digital twin model and how to provide the user of the building with full insight into all the documentation related to the building maintenance?

It seems to me that the cloud solution again imposes itself as the best option, because it enables complete transparency of all data and documentation related to the facility maintenance.

How does the cloud solution help with data storage and availability?

I hope you have come to your own conclusions about how the cloud solution helps with data storage and availability by reading the previous chapters. I am going to present the most obvious advantages of creating a project in the cloud during the entire project life cycle, from the conceptual solution and all the following phases of the project all the way to construction, and then during the maintenance of the constructed building throughout its life cycle.

We can say that the cloud solutions application in the project process is the best available project environment because they are characterized by:

  • cost-effectiveness, because they save resources to all participants in the project;
  • transparency of all processes and always available documentation during all project phases;
  • the possibility for the investor to have an insight into the project status at any time during the project life cycle;
  • reliability of data generated in the cloud solution
  • access to data, BIM models and digital twin models from the web or applications for tablets and smartphones;
  • constant backups, and thus the reliability of the entire documenting process of all project activities;
  • freedom to provide visibility of models and documentation to different participants in the project process…

 

How does the Autodesk Forge platform help with data storage and availability?

Unlike the cloud solution, which can be considered as an environment for collaboration during the project process, Autodesk Forge imposes itself as the best platform in case you need to make a web BIM model or a web version of the digital twin. The capabilities of the Autodesk Forge platform are limited solely by the imagination of the team making the digital twin model on the Autodesk Forge platform. Autodesk Forge allows a large number of users to access the digital twin model in a web format and does not require much knowledge of digital and BIM technologies.

The Autodesk Forge platform enables the integration of SaaS solutions (Fusion Team, A 360, BIM 360, etc.) into the user's workflow and / or the incorporation of some of the components used in these Autodesk user solutions for web applications or smartphone and tablet applications.

Virtually all information from the BIM model and digital twin models can be transferred to a web model built on the Autodesk Forge platform, the digital twin model can be completely disassembled into components and all data related to each component in the model is available in such a representation of the digital twin model. A key advantage of the Autodesk Forge platform is data transparency for users who do not require extensive knowledge of digital and BIM skills. Simply put, a web model built on the Autodesk Forge platform enables Revit functionality in a web model without any knowledge of Revit.

Want to learn more about the Autodesk Forge platform and its capabilities? Select the following links:

https://www.teamcad.rs/index.php/srb/component/sppagebuilder/180-interaktivni-model-digitalnog-blizanca
https://www.teamcad.rs/index.php/en/news/386-autodesk-forge-digital-twins-on-web
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SfkkWlBBqEk&t

I would like to conclude the article "Storing And Availability Of Digital Twin Model Data - Are The Forge And The Cloud The Best Solutions?" and about my opinion on which today-available solutions are the best for storing and availability of data in the digital twins technology. I would also like to take this opportunity to announce my next article "Analysis And Visualization Of Data In Digital Twin Technology - Cloud and Autodesk Forge".

If you have any questions, comments or want to know more details about the topic I covered in the article "Storing And Availability Of Digital Twin Model Data - Are The Forge And The Cloud The Best Solutions?", please contact TeamCAD, which will be pleased to provide you with additional information.

Also, if you need advice on how to best apply digital twin technology or you want to apply digital twin technology to your project or constructed facility, please contact TeamCAD, who will be happy to help you.

Until the next time,
Predrag Jovanović

 

::

Previous articles on the similar topic:

„Sensors and IoT in The Digital Twin Technology"

"Data Is The New Gold, Does The Same Apply To Data In Digital Twins?"

"The Big Savings BEP Brings To The Investor "

"The BIM Modelling Convention"

"What Is LOD - The Level Of Detail Of BIM Elements?"

"What Is BEP And What Should It Contain?"

"Data Management In The Digital Twin Of The Building" 

"Digital Twins In The Construction Industry" 

"What Are The Digital Twins?"

"Small But Big Savings in The BIM Workflow - Examples" 

"BIM Workflow Automation"

"Advanced BIM data management"

 

 


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